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Does Medicare Cover Prostate Surgery? Exploring Medicare Coverage for Prostate Surgery

Prostate cancer is more prominent than most people realize.

In fact, 1 out of every 8 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during some point in their lifetime, typically later in life. About 3 of every 5 prostate cancer diagnoses are men aged 65 or older.1

This means that most men who will receive a prostate cancer diagnosis will also have Medicare. With that in mind, let’s break down how prostate cancer surgery will be covered by your Medicare or other private insurance plans.

Understanding Medicare Coverage for Prostate Surgery

If you have Original Medicare, Part A and Part B, then you’ll find that Medicare typically covers medically necessary surgeries, including those related to prostate cancer. However, certain conditions must be met for Medicare to provide coverage.

Factors influencing Medicare coverage for prostate surgery include the type of surgery recommended by your health care provider, the stage of your prostate cancer, and whether the procedure is considered experimental or investigational. Medicare generally covers procedures that are deemed medically necessary and proven to be effective. It’s crucial to consult with your health care provider and Medicare to determine if the surgery you require is covered.

PSA Testing after 80: Medicare Coverage and Considerations

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing is a common diagnostic tool used to detect prostate cancer.
However, there may be questions regarding Medicare coverage for PSA testing, especially for individuals over the age of 80. Medicare does cover PSA testing, but it’s important to understand the limitations and considerations for individuals in this age group.

Medicare generally covers one PSA test every 12 months for individuals at average risk for prostate cancer. However, for individuals over the age of 80, Medicare may require additional documentation or medical necessity to provide coverage. It’s crucial to discuss the specific requirements with your health care provider and Medicare to ensure proper coverage and billing.

Alternative Treatment Options for Prostate Surgery

While surgery is a common treatment option for prostate cancer, there are alternative options available.
These treatment options for prostate cancer may include radiation therapy, hormone therapy and active surveillance.

Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells or slow their growth. Medicare typically covers radiation therapy for prostate cancer, provided it is deemed medically necessary. Hormone therapy, which involves reducing the levels of male hormones in the body, may also be covered by Medicare if it is medically necessary and proven effective. Active surveillance, which involves monitoring the cancer’s progression without immediate treatment, may not require surgery and may be covered under Medicare.

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Medicare Advantage Plans and Coverage for Prostate Surgery

Medicare Advantage Plans, also known as Part C plans, offer an alternative to Original Medicare. These plans are offered by private insurance companies and provide all the benefits of Original Medicare, along with additional coverage options.

Medicare Advantage Plans may cover different surgical procedures, including prostate surgery, depending on the specific plan’s coverage guidelines. It’s important to review the details of each Medicare Advantage Plan to determine if the surgery you require is covered. Additionally, it’s crucial to consider the network of health care providers and any associated costs, such as deductibles and copayments.

Medicare Supplemental Insurance and Prostate Surgery Coverage

Medicare Supplement Insurance, also known as Medigap, can help fill the gaps in Original Medicare coverage. These plans are offered by private insurance companies and can provide additional coverage for expenses such as deductibles, copayments and coinsurance. In regards to prostate surgery, Medigap plans can help cover the out-of-pocket costs associated with the procedure.

Medigap plans are standardized and labeled with letters A through N, each offering different levels of coverage. It’s crucial to review the details of each plan to determine if prostate surgery and related expenses are covered. Keep in mind the monthly premiums associated with Medigap plans and how they fit into your overall health care budget.


Understanding Medicare coverage for prostate surgery is essential if you or a loved one are diagnosed with prostate cancer. By considering factors that influence coverage, exploring alternative treatment options and understanding the role of Medicare Advantage Plans and supplemental insurance, you can make informed decisions about your health care. If you’re interested in learning more about your health insurance options, then call Ensurem today. Our team of licensed agents will help evaluate your current insurance plan and compare plans if you meet eligibility requirements.

Ready to Talk but Don’t Know What to Ask? Here are a List of Questions to Help Get You Started.

  • How often will Medicare cover a PSA (prostate specific antigen) test for prostate cancer detection?
  • Does Medicare coverage include diagnostic prostate cancer screenings, such as digital rectal exams or PSA blood tests?
  • Will Medicare cover an annual prostate cancer screening?
  • If I receive a prostate cancer diagnosis, what treatments does Medicare generally cover?
  • Is prostate surgery covered by Medicare?
  • Are there any associated costs that I should be aware of if I need prostate surgery?
  • Do Medicare Advantage plans provide additional coverage for prostate cancer care?
  • Can I rely on Medicare Part B for my prostate cancer treatment, or should I consider private insurance companies?
  • Does Medicare cover the costs of hormone therapy and radiation therapy for prostate cancer treatment?
  • If I need oral chemotherapy drugs to treat prostate cancer, will these be covered by Medicare?
  • What is the average out-of-pocket cost I can expect for prostate cancer treatments under Medicare?
  • How does Medicare work with health insurance in covering prostate cancer treatments?
  • Does Medicare cover doctor’s services related to prostate cancer in a hospital outpatient setting?
  • Are cancer drugs used to kill cancer cells covered under Medicare benefits?
  • Does Medicare pay for preventive services like prostate cancer screenings?
  • How does Medicaid services differ from Medicare when it comes to covering prostate cancer care?
  • Does the American Cancer Society provide any resources for Medicare beneficiaries regarding prostate cancer care?
  • According to the American Cancer Society, what is the average risk of prostate cancer, and how does this impact Medicare coverage?
  • How much does Medicare cover for diagnostic screenings and treatments related to prostate cancer?
  • What types of prostate cancer screenings does Medicare cover?

Ensurem Trusted Expertise

Education is crucial in finding the right Medicare solution for you. With so many Medicare resources out there, it can be difficult finding a source you can trust. That’s why Ensurem has a Compliance Program dedicated to ensuring our Medicare content meets Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) regulations. So, you can rest assured you’re getting the information you need to make the right coverage decisions.

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1 “Key Statistics for Prostate Cancer,” American Cancer Society (Accessed 6/23/23).

Denise Austin, 65, Ensurem Ambassador

Best-Selling Author, Creator of Fit Over 50 Magazine

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